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Title: Novel hollow mesoporous 1D TiO 2 nanofibers as photovoltaic and photocatalytic materials
Authors: Zhang, X.
Thavasi, V. 
Mhaisalkar, S.G.
Ramakrishna, S. 
Issue Date: 2012
Citation: Zhang, X., Thavasi, V., Mhaisalkar, S.G., Ramakrishna, S. (2012). Novel hollow mesoporous 1D TiO 2 nanofibers as photovoltaic and photocatalytic materials. Nanoscale 4 (5) : 1707-1716. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Hollow mesoporous one dimensional (1D) TiO 2 nanofibers are successfully prepared by co-axial electrospinning of a titanium tetraisopropoxide (TTIP) solution with two immiscible polymers; polyethylene oxide (PEO) and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) using a core-shell spinneret, followed by annealing at 450 °C. The annealed mesoporous TiO 2 nanofibers are found to having a hollow structure with an average diameter of 130 nm. Measurements using the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) method reveal that hollow mesoporous TiO 2 nanofibers possess a high surface area of 118 m 2 g -1 with two types of mesopores; 3.2 nm and 5.4 nm that resulted from gaseous removal of PEO and PVP respectively during annealing. With hollow mesoporous TiO 2 nanofibers as the photoelectrode in dye sensitized solar cells (DSSC), the solar-to-current conversion efficiency (η) and short circuit current (J sc) are measured as 5.6% and 10.38 mA cm -2 respectively, which are higher than those of DSSC made using regular TiO 2 nanofibers under identical conditions (η = 4.2%, J sc = 8.99 mA cm -2). The improvement in the conversion efficiency is mainly attributed to the higher surface area and mesoporous TiO 2 nanostructure. It facilitates the adsorption of more dye molecules and also promotes the incident photon to electron conversion. Hollow mesoporous TiO 2 nanofibers with close packing of grains and crystals intergrown with each other demonstrate faster electron diffusion, and longer electron recombination time than regular TiO 2 nanofibers as well as P25 nanoparticles. The surface effect of hollow mesoporous TiO 2 nanofibers as a photocatalyst for the degradation of rhodamine dye was also investigated. The kinetic study shows that the hollow mesoporous surface of the TiO 2 nanofibers influenced its interactions with the dye, and resulted in an increased catalytic activity over P25 TiO 2 nanocatalysts. This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2012.
Source Title: Nanoscale
ISSN: 20403364
DOI: 10.1039/c2nr11251e
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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