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Title: Li2MnSiO4 obtained by microwave assisted solvothermal method: Electrochemical and surface studies
Authors: Kuezma, M. 
Devaraj, S.
Balaya, P. 
Issue Date: 21-Oct-2012
Citation: Kuezma, M., Devaraj, S., Balaya, P. (2012-10-21). Li2MnSiO4 obtained by microwave assisted solvothermal method: Electrochemical and surface studies. Journal of Materials Chemistry 22 (39) : 21279-21284. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Nanostructured nominally pure Li2MnSiO4 (LMS) is successfully synthesized by a microwave assisted solvothermal method followed by successful coating with conductive carbon using carbonizing agents such as d-(+)-glucono-1,5-lactone (GA) and citric acid (CA). CA is found to be a better carbonizing agent than GA as it shows two times higher capacity than GA. Reversible capacity of 250 mA h g-1 is obtained for carbon coated LMS at C/10 with flat charge/discharge plateau in the narrow potential window 2.0 to 4.5 V vs. Li/Li+. Capacity fades drastically after the first few cycles with a sloppy charge/discharge profile. The possible mechanism for the observed discharge plateau is discussed on the basis of XPS method and electrochemical testing. Ex situ XPS analysis confirms that such a large capacity (exchange of more than one mol of Li per compound reaction) after the first charging of the Li2MnSiO4 material is connected with the complete oxidation of Mn2+ to Mn4+ on the surface. To the best of our knowledge, the Mn4+ oxidation state is confirmed experimentally for the first time in the case of the manganese orthosilicate cathode material that exhibits best theoretical capacity of 330 mA h g -1. This journal is © 2012 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
Source Title: Journal of Materials Chemistry
ISSN: 09599428
DOI: 10.1039/c2jm34455f
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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