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Title: Ferroelectric poly(vinylidene fluoride) PVDF films derived from the solutions with retainable water and controlled water loss
Authors: Li, X.
Chen, S.
Yao, K.
Tay, F.E.H. 
Keywords: Crystal structures
Thin films
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2009
Citation: Li, X., Chen, S., Yao, K., Tay, F.E.H. (2009-12-01). Ferroelectric poly(vinylidene fluoride) PVDF films derived from the solutions with retainable water and controlled water loss. Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics 47 (23) : 2410-2418. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: To obtain β-phase dominant ferroelectric poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) homopolymer thin films on aluminum-coated silicon substrates, the retaining and loss of water were manipulated by introducing several hydrated and hygroscopic chemicals in the precursor solutions, including aluminum nitrate nonahydrate, aluminum chloride hexahydrate, chromium nitrate nonahydrate, tetra-n-butylammonium chloride, and one hygroscopic but nonhydrated chemical, ammonium acetate. Their ability of retaining water during the thermal annealing of the films and the relationship between water retaining and the effects on promoting the β phase were investigated. The results showed an ideal scenario was that the added hydrated salts should be able to retain substantial amount of water during the PVDF crystallization to effectively promote the β phase but completely dehydrate or decompose at the further elevated annealing temperature in order to obtain β-phase dominant PVDF film without substantially incorporating water and deteriorating the electrical properties. As one of the hydrated chemicals well satisfying the above requirements, Al(NO3)3.9H2O, of different amounts was introduced to the PVDF precursor solutions and the optimal resulting β-phase dominant ferroelectric PVDF thin films exhibited smooth morphology, low dielectric loss, high remnant polarization of 89 mC/m2, and large effective piezoelectric coefficient d33 of -14.5 pm/V (under the clamping of the substrate). © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Source Title: Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics
ISSN: 08876266
DOI: 10.1002/polb.21837
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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