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Title: Electrochemical properties of nonstoichiometric LiNi0.5Mn 1.5 O4-δ thin-film electrodes prepared by pulsed laser deposition
Authors: Xia, H.
Meng, Y.S.
Lu, L. 
Ceder, G.
Issue Date: 2007
Citation: Xia, H., Meng, Y.S., Lu, L., Ceder, G. (2007). Electrochemical properties of nonstoichiometric LiNi0.5Mn 1.5 O4-δ thin-film electrodes prepared by pulsed laser deposition. Journal of the Electrochemical Society 154 (8) : A737-A743. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Well-crystallized nonstoichiometric LiNi0.5 Mn1.5 O4-δ thin-film electrodes were prepared by pulsed laser deposition (PLD). The charge/discharge behavior of the nonstoichiometric LiNi0.5 Mn1.5 O4-δ thin film is consistent with the film having a disordered spinel structure with space group Fd 3- m. These thin-film electrodes exhibit excellent cycle performance and rate capability. The measured Li diffusivity in the film is in the range of 10-12 to 10-10 cm2 s, which is comparable to that of layered LiCoO2. First principles calculations on the stoichiometric (ordered) spinel LiNi0.5 Mn1.5 O4 find no intermediate ordered phases between LiNi0.5 Mn1.5 O4 and Li0 Ni0.5 Mn1.5 O4, leading us to speculate that voltage steps observed in experiments are caused by Ni-Mn disorder, which facilitates Li/vacancy ordering. The presence of a smaller step in "ordered" LiNi0.5 Mn1.5 O4 than in disordered LiNi0.5 Mn1.5 O4 is consistent with the calculation and may indicate presence of partial disorder even in ordered material. Although a maximum was found for the chemical diffusion coefficient of Li in Lix Ni0.5 Mn1.5 O4-δ near x=0.5, the self-diffusion coefficient exhibits a minimum at that composition. © 2007 The Electrochemical Society.
Source Title: Journal of the Electrochemical Society
ISSN: 00134651
DOI: 10.1149/1.2741157
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