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Title: Crystal plasticity of nanotwinned microstructures: A discrete twin approach for copper
Authors: Mirkhani, H.
Joshi, S.P. 
Keywords: Crystal plasticity
Nanoscale twins
Strengthening-softening transition
Yield phenomena
Issue Date: Aug-2011
Source: Mirkhani, H., Joshi, S.P. (2011-08). Crystal plasticity of nanotwinned microstructures: A discrete twin approach for copper. Acta Materialia 59 (14) : 5603-5617. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This paper presents a discrete twin crystal plasticity (DT-CP) model for the size-dependent mechanics of nanotwinned (nt) metals. Specifically, it considers the length-scale-dependent yield response of nt-Cu [1] which exhibits a strengthening-softening transition of the yield strength below a critical twin thickness. The softening arising from source-governed preferential dislocation nucleation in the vicinity of the twin boundaries (TBs) competes with the strengthening arising from dislocation pile-up at TBs [2]. To incorporate the softening mechanism within the DT-CP model, a discrete twin-boundary-affected- zone (TBAZ) of thickness λz is introduced near each TB. This TBAZ is enriched by the kinetics of additional crystallographic slip arising from the profuse slip activity near a TB. The strengthening mechanism within a twin lamella is incorporated through internal stress on each slip system related to the average gradient of the excess dislocation density, introducing additional length-scale lb which mimics the effectiveness of dislocation pile-up. With this framework, the orientation-dependent yield behavior of single grains with discrete twins is probed. These simulations qualitatively capture the experimental observations of the transition of the yield behavior from strengthening to softening as a function of λ. Some results for polycrystals with random orientations are also presented and compared with experiments. The DT-CP computational simulations provide useful insight into the microscopic activities in nt microstructures, which can be corroborated by experiments, and underscores the importance of discrete twin and TBAZ effects that should be accounted for in developing their corresponding homogenized descriptions. © 2011 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Acta Materialia
ISSN: 13596454
DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2011.05.036
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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