Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1021/jp304876j
Title: Charge transport through electrospun SnO 2 nanoflowers and nanofibers: Role of surface trap density on electron transport dynamics
Authors: Elumalai, N.K.
Jose, R.
Archana, P.S. 
Chellappan, V.
Ramakrishna, S. 
Issue Date: 25-Oct-2012
Citation: Elumalai, N.K., Jose, R., Archana, P.S., Chellappan, V., Ramakrishna, S. (2012-10-25). Charge transport through electrospun SnO 2 nanoflowers and nanofibers: Role of surface trap density on electron transport dynamics. Journal of Physical Chemistry C 116 (42) : 22112-22120. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp304876j
Abstract: A larger amount of tin precursor was dispersed in electrospun polyvinyl acetate fibers than that required for SnO 2 fiber formation upon annealing, thereby creating a constraint such that all nuclei formed during annealing could not be accommodated within the fiber, which leads to enhanced reaction kinetics and formation of highly crystalline-cum-higher surface area SnO 2 flowers. The flowers are shown to have a lower density of surface trap states than fibers by combining absorption spectra and open circuit voltage decay (OCVD) measurements. Charge transport through the SnO 2 flowers in the presence of the iodide/triiodide electrolyte was studied by OCVD, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and transient photodecay techniques. The study shows that the flowers are characterized by higher chemical capacitance, higher recombination resistance, and lower transport resistance compared with fibers. Photocurrent transients were used to extract the effective electron diffusion coefficient and mobility which were an order of magnitude higher for the flowers than that for the fibers. The flowers are also shown to have an enhanced Fermi energy, on account of which as well as higher electron mobility, dye-sensitized solar cells fabricated using the SnO 2 flowers gave V OC ∼700 mV and one of the highest photoelectric conversion efficiencies achieved using pure SnO 2. © 2012 American Chemical Society.
Source Title: Journal of Physical Chemistry C
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/84910
ISSN: 19327447
DOI: 10.1021/jp304876j
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