Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1115/OMAE2010-20068
Title: Residual stress effects on the crack-front consrtaints for surface cracks in pipes
Authors: Qian, X. 
Li, T. 
Issue Date: 2010
Citation: Qian, X.,Li, T. (2010). Residual stress effects on the crack-front consrtaints for surface cracks in pipes. Proceedings of the International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering - OMAE 5 (PARTS A AND B) : 123-131. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1115/OMAE2010-20068
Abstract: This paper investigates the effect of residual stresses on the linear-elastic KI-T fields along the front of circumferential surface cracks in pipelines. The numerical procedure simulates three typical patterns of residual stresses through a modified eigenstrain approach, which combines a thermal loading with a mechanical traction imposed on the heat-affected zone. The three residual stress profiles considered correspond to the high-heat input, the medium-heat input and the low heat input welding processes for circumferential butt welds in pipes outlined in BS 7910. The linear-elastic KI-T stresses, computed from the interaction-integral approach, characterize the constraints along the front of the circumferential flaw. The numerical investigation, covering a comprehensive matrix of geometric parameters, shows that different residual stress fields impose substantial effects on the KI-T stresses along the front of the surface crack in the wall of a pipeline. The deepest point along the crack-front often experiences low crack-front constraints characterized by the computed negative T-stresses for all three residual stress fields considered. The magnitudes of the KI-values and T-stresses show pronounced variations with the change in the ratio of the crack depth over the wall thickness of the pipe (a/t). The variation in the crack aspect ratio (the crack depth over the crack length, a/c) introduces marginal variation in the computed T stresses. The ratio of the outer diameter to the wall thickness of pipe imposes very little effect on the linear-elastic crack-front constraints for the geometric parameters considered. © 2010 by ASME.
Source Title: Proceedings of the International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering - OMAE
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/84735
ISBN: 9780791849125
DOI: 10.1115/OMAE2010-20068
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