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Title: Mode mixity for circular hollow section X joints with weld toe cracks
Authors: Qian, X.
Dodds Jr., R.H.
Choo, Y.S. 
Keywords: 3-D finite element analysis
Circular hollow section (CHS)
Stress intensity factor
Weld toe crack
Issue Date: Aug-2005
Citation: Qian, X., Dodds Jr., R.H., Choo, Y.S. (2005-08). Mode mixity for circular hollow section X joints with weld toe cracks. Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering 127 (3) : 269-279. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This paper describes the mode mixity of stress-intensity factors for surface cracks at weld toes located at the saddle point in circular hollow section X joints. The remote loading applies a uniform tensile stress at the end of the brace along its axis. The three-dimensional finite element models employ mesh tieing between a topologically continuous, global mesh and a separate, local crack-front mesh. Analyses of a simple plate model that approximates key features of toe cracks at the brace-chord intersection verify the negligible effects of the recommended mesh-tieing scheme on stress intensity factors. The linear-elastic analyses compute the mixed-mode stress intensity factors along the crack front using an interaction-integral approach. The mixed-mode stress intensity factors indicate that the crack front experiences predominantly mode I loading, with KIII →0 near the deepest point on the front (φ=π/2). The total crack driving force, described by the J integral, reaches a maximum value at the deepest point of the crack for the crack aspect ratio a/c=0.25 considered here. The mode-mixity angle, ψ =tan-1(KII/KI), at φ=π/12 is compared for a range of practical X-joint configurations and crack-depth ratios. The present study demonstrates that the mode-mixity angle ψ increases with increasing brace-to-chord diameter ratio (β) and decreasing chord radius to wall thickness ratio (γ). Values of the nondimensional stress intensity factors (FI =KI/σ̄br√πa and FII=KII/σ̄br√πa), however show an opposite trend, with higher crack driving forces for small β and large γ ratios. The variations in the brace-to-chord wall thickness ratio (τ) and the crack depth ratio (a/t0) do not generate significant effects on the mode mixity. Copyright © 2005 by ASME.
Source Title: Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering
ISSN: 08927219
DOI: 10.1115/1.1951771
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