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Title: Application of spectral signatures and colour ratios to estimate chlorophyll in Singapore's coastal waters
Authors: Gin, K.Y.-H. 
Koh, S.T.
Lin, I.I.
Chan, E.S.
Keywords: Chlorophyll
Remote sensing
Suspended matter
Water quality
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2002
Citation: Gin, K.Y.-H., Koh, S.T., Lin, I.I., Chan, E.S. (2002-11-01). Application of spectral signatures and colour ratios to estimate chlorophyll in Singapore's coastal waters. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 55 (5) : 719-728. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: In this paper, a study of the spectral signatures of coastal surface waters in the Johor and Singapore Straits and the application of colour ratios to estimate chlorophyll is presented. In general, the spectral signatures of coastal waters in Singapore could be represented by two profiles. The first was characterized by a high major reflectance peak at 577 nm which decreased toward the blue and near infra-red (NIR) bands. Such a profile was obtained when chlorophyll levels were low (less than 5 μg l-1). The second profile, which was obtained during periods of high chlorophyll (greater than 10 μg l-1), was characterized by an overall lower reflectance over the visible spectrum, with a distinct absorption trough at 672 nm and reflectance peak at 695 nm. In general, suspended solids (ranging from about 4 to 100 mg l-1) increased reflectance in the green wavebands relative to the red/NIR region. The effect of dissolved organic carbon on the reflectance spectra was generally considered small due to its low concentration (
Source Title: Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science
ISSN: 02727714
DOI: 10.1006/ecss.2001.0926
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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