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|Title:||Manipulation of germanium nanocrystals in a tri-layer insulator structure of a metal-insulator-semiconductor memory device|
|Citation:||Teo, L.W.,Heng, C.L.,Ho, V.,Tay, M.,Choi, W.K.,Chim, W.K.,Antoniadis, D.A.,Fitzgerald, E.A. (2002). Manipulation of germanium nanocrystals in a tri-layer insulator structure of a metal-insulator-semiconductor memory device. Materials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings 728 : 103-108. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.|
|Abstract:||A metal-insulator-semiconductor (MIS) device that consists of germanium (Ge) nanocrystals embedded in a novel tri-layer insulator structure is proposed for memory applications. The tri-layer structure comprises a thin (≈5nm) rapid thermal oxidation (RTO) silicon dioxide (SiO2) layer, a Ge+SiO2 middle layer (6-20 nm) deposited by RF co-sputtering technique and a RF-sputtered silicon dioxide capping layer. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) results show that Ge nanocrystals of sizes ranging from 6-20 nm were found after rapid thermal annealing of the tri-layer structure at 1000°C for 300s. The electrical properties of these devices have been characterized using capacitance versus voltage (C-V) measurements. A significant hysteresis was observed in the C-V curves of these devices, indicating charge trapping in the composite insulator. Comparison with devices having similar tri-layer insulator structure, but with a pure sputtered oxide middle layer (i.e. minus the Ge nanocrystals), clearly indicated that the observed charge trapping is due to the presence of the Ge nanocrystals in the middle layer. The C-V measurements of devices without the capping SiO2 layer exhibited no significant hysteresis as compared to the embedded Ge nanocrystal tri-layer devices. The HRTEM micrographs showed that the presence of the capping oxide is critical in the formation of nanocrystals for this structure. By varying the thickness of the middle layer, it was found that the maximum nanocrystal size correlates well with the middle layer thickness. This indicates that the nanocrystals are well confined by the RTO oxide layer and the capping oxide layer. In addition, Ge nanocrystals formed using a thinner middle layer were found to be relatively uniform in size and distribution. This structure, therefore, offers a possibility of fabricating memory devices with controllable Ge nanocrystals size.|
|Source Title:||Materials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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