Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1109/IEDM.2008.4796606
Title: Manipulating interface dipoles of opposing polarity for work function engineering within a single metal gate stack
Authors: Lim, A.E.-J.
Hou, J.
Kwong, D.-L.
Yeo, Y.-C. 
Issue Date: 2008
Source: Lim, A.E.-J.,Hou, J.,Kwong, D.-L.,Yeo, Y.-C. (2008). Manipulating interface dipoles of opposing polarity for work function engineering within a single metal gate stack. Technical Digest - International Electron Devices Meeting, IEDM : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1109/IEDM.2008.4796606
Abstract: We show, for the first time, a reversal in net interface dipole polarity (initially n-type) for a metal gate stack by forming p- type interface dipoles after a 950°C anneal. This was achieved in both TaN/SiO2 and TaN/high-k gate stacks whereby terbium (Tb) and aluminum (Al) -based interlayers were used to form n- type and p-type dipoles, respectively. We also demonstrate the continuous tunability of TaN gate work function (Oφm) by controlling the n-type and p-type interface dipole densities within the same metal gate stack. The dominant dipole that results in the metal gate stack hinges critically on the reactions of Al and Tb with SiO2 (or underlying SiO2 for high-k stacks) for Al-O-(Si) and Tb-O-Si bond formation, respectively. The manipulation of interface dipoles with opposing polarity could enable multiple Oφm to be achieved using a single metal gate and a simple integration scheme.
Source Title: Technical Digest - International Electron Devices Meeting, IEDM
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/83935
ISBN: 9781424423781
ISSN: 01631918
DOI: 10.1109/IEDM.2008.4796606
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