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|Title:||Improving session-to-session transfer performance of motor imagery-based BCI using adaptive extreme learning machine|
|Citation:||Bamdadian, A.,Guan, C.,Ang, K.K.,Xu, J. (2013). Improving session-to-session transfer performance of motor imagery-based BCI using adaptive extreme learning machine. Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS : 2188-2191. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2013.6609969|
|Abstract:||Non-stationarity of electroencephalograph (EEG) data from session-to-session transfer is one of the challenges for EEG-based brain-computer interface systems, which can inversely affect their performance. Among methods proposed to address non-stationarity, adaptation is a promising method. In this study, an adaptive extreme learning machine (AELM) is proposed to update the initial classifier from the calibration session by using chunks of EEG data from the evaluation session whereby the common spatial pattern (CSP) algorithm is used to extract the most discriminative features. The effectiveness of the proposed algorithm is on motor imagery data collected from 12 healthy subjects during a calibration session and an evaluation session on a separate day. The results from the proposed AELM were compared with non-adaptive ELM and SVM classifiers. The results showed that AELM was significantly better (p=0.03). Moreover, the results also showed that accumulating the evaluation session data and useing them for adapting the classifier will significantly improve the performance (p=0.001). Hence, the proposed AELM is effective in addressing the non-stationarity of EEG signal for online BCI systems. © 2013 IEEE.|
|Source Title:||Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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