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|Title:||Photovoltaic characteristics in polycrystalline and epitaxial (Pb 0.97La0.03) (Zr0.52Ti0.48)O 3 ferroelectric thin films sandwiched between different top and bottom electrodes|
|Citation:||Qin, M., Yao, K., Liang, Y.C. (2009). Photovoltaic characteristics in polycrystalline and epitaxial (Pb 0.97La0.03) (Zr0.52Ti0.48)O 3 ferroelectric thin films sandwiched between different top and bottom electrodes. Journal of Applied Physics 105 (6) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3073822|
|Abstract:||Photovoltaic responses, including photovoltage, photocurrent, illuminated J-V curve, and light-to-electricity power conversion efficiency, were investigated in chemical-solution-derived polycrystalline and epitaxial (Pb 0.97La0.03) (Zr0.52Ti0.48)O 3 (PLZT) thin films sandwiched between different metal and oxide electrodes. The epitaxial PLZT films with Au/PLZT/Nb-doped SrTiO3 structure exhibited about one order of magnitude larger photocurrent and efficiency over the randomly oriented polycrystalline PLZT films with Au/PLZT/Pt structure due to the high crystalline quality with the reduced defects and enhanced depolarization field. The illuminated J-V curve was approximately linear for both polycrystalline and epitaxial PLZT thin films. The nonzero photovoltaic outputs in the unpoled films were induced by asymmetric interfacial Schottky barriers. The illuminated J-V curve shifted toward the positive voltage direction after positive poling and toward the negative voltage direction after negative poling, and the enhancement of efficiency only occurred when the polarization direction accorded with the direction of Schottky barrier difference at the two electrode interfaces. Thickness dependences of photovoltage, photocurrent, and light-to-electricity conversion efficiency were also examined. It was observed that photovoltage linearly increased with film thickness while both photocurrent and efficiency exponentially increased with the decrease in thickness. Furthermore, at a fixed small film thickness, efficiency was also found to increase reciprocally with the decrease of incident UV intensity. © 2009 American Institute of Physics.|
|Source Title:||Journal of Applied Physics|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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