Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1002/smll.201102046
Title: Diameter-dependent thermal transport in individual ZnO nanowires and its correlation with surface coating and defects
Authors: Bui, C.T.
Xie, R. 
Zheng, M.
Zhang, Q.
Sow, C.H. 
Li, B. 
Thong, J.T.L. 
Keywords: nanoscale thermal transport
phonon scattering
size dependence
ZnO nanowires
Issue Date: 12-Mar-2012
Citation: Bui, C.T., Xie, R., Zheng, M., Zhang, Q., Sow, C.H., Li, B., Thong, J.T.L. (2012-03-12). Diameter-dependent thermal transport in individual ZnO nanowires and its correlation with surface coating and defects. Small 8 (5) : 738-745. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1002/smll.201102046
Abstract: A systematic study of the thermal transport properties of individual single-crystal zinc oxide (ZnO) nanowires (NWs) with diameters in the range of ∼50-210 nm is presented. The thermal conductivity of the NWs is found to be dramatically reduced by at least an order of magnitude compared to bulk values, due to enhanced phonon-boundary scattering with a reduction in sample size. While the conventional phonon transport model can qualitatively explain the temperature dependence, it fails to account for the diameter dependence. An empirical relationship for assessing diameter-dependent thermal properties is observed, which shows an approximately linear dependence of the thermal conductivity on the cross-sectional area of the NWs in the measured diameter range. Furthermore, it is found that an amorphous-carbon layer coating on the NWs does not perturb the thermal properties of the NW cores, whereas 30 keV Ga + ion irradiation at low dose (∼4 ×10 14 cm -2) leads to a remarkable reduction of the thermal conductivity of the ZnO NWs. Thermal transport properties of individual zinc oxide nanowires are characterized using a suspended micro-electro-thermal device. It is found that the thermal conductivities of the nanowires are dramatically reduced by at least one order of magnitude compared to bulk values. An empirical relationship for assessing diameter-dependent thermal properties is observed, which shows an approximately linear dependence of the thermal conductivity on the cross-section area of the nanowires in the measured diameter range. Copyright © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Source Title: Small
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/82152
ISSN: 16136810
DOI: 10.1002/smll.201102046
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