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Title: Decision-aided carrier phase estimation for coherent optical communications
Authors: Zhang, S.
Kam, P.-Y. 
Yu, C. 
Chen, J.
Keywords: Adaptive receiver
Block length effect (BLE)
Coherent optical fiber communication
Decision-aided maximum likelihood (DA ML) carrier phase estimation
Phase noise
Issue Date: 2010
Citation: Zhang, S., Kam, P.-Y., Yu, C., Chen, J. (2010). Decision-aided carrier phase estimation for coherent optical communications. Journal of Lightwave Technology 28 (11) : 1597-1607. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: We analytically studied the block length effect (BLE) of decision-aided maximum likelihood (DA ML) carrier phase estimation in coherent optical phase-modulated systems. The results agree well with the trends found using extensive Monte Carlo simulations. In order to eliminate the BLE and accurately recover the carrier phase, an adaptive decision-aided (DA) receiver is proposed that does not require knowledge of the statistical characteristics of the carrier phase, or any parameter to be preset. The simulation results show that using the adaptive DA receiver, the maximum tolerance ratio of the linewidth per laser to symbol rate (ΔνT) at a bit error rate (BER) = 10-4 has been increased to 2.5×10-4, 4.1×10-5, and 9.5×10-6, respectively, for quadrature-, 8- and 16-phase-shift keying formats. The ratio (Δ ν T) of the adaptive DA receiver in 16 quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) is decreased to2 × 10-5 due to the constellation penalty from 2.5 × 10-5 by using DA ML with optimum memory length, though it consistently performs well without optimizing any parameters as in DA ML. The phase error variance of the adaptive DA receiver is also analytically investigated. In addition, an analog-to-digital converter with bit resolution higher than 4 bits is shown to be sufficient to implement our adaptive DA receiver. © 2010 IEEE.
Source Title: Journal of Lightwave Technology
ISSN: 07338724
DOI: 10.1109/JLT.2010.2048198
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