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Title: Characterization of intermediate In/Ag layers of low temperature fluxless solder based wafer bonding for MEMS packaging
Authors: Lee, C. 
Yu, A.
Yan, L.
Wang, H.
He, J.H.
Zhang, Q.X.
Lau, J.H.
Keywords: Fluxless
Wafer bonding
Wafer level packaging
Issue Date: 31-Aug-2009
Citation: Lee, C., Yu, A., Yan, L., Wang, H., He, J.H., Zhang, Q.X., Lau, J.H. (2009-08-31). Characterization of intermediate In/Ag layers of low temperature fluxless solder based wafer bonding for MEMS packaging. Sensors and Actuators, A: Physical 154 (1) : 85-91. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Low temperature fluxless solder for wafer bonding has received a lot of attention due to its great potential in hermetic MEMS packaging. Previous research activities mainly deploy solder alloy of eutectic composition to achieve low bonding temperature. We proposed new intermediate bonding layers (IBLs) of rich Ag composition in In-Ag materials systems. In this study, we investigated the intermetallic compounds (IMCs) at the bonding interface with respect to the bonding condition, post-bonding room temperature storage and post-bonding heat treatment. With this IBL, the IMCs of Ag2In and Ag9In4 with high temperature resist to post-bonding process are derived under process condition of wafer bonding at 180 °C, 40 min and subsequent 120-130 °C annealing for 24 h. Low melting temperature IMC phase of AgIn2 is formed in the interface after long term room temperature storage or 70 °C aging treatment. This low melting temperature IMC phase can be completely converted into high melting temperature IMCs of Ag2In and Ag9In4 after 120 °C additional annealing. Based on our results, we can design the packaging process flow so as to get reliable hermetic packaged MEMS devices by using low temperature fluxless In-Ag wafer bonding. © 2009.
Source Title: Sensors and Actuators, A: Physical
ISSN: 09244247
DOI: 10.1016/j.sna.2008.10.011
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