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Title: Characterization of a silicon nanowire-based cantilever air-flow sensor
Authors: Zhang, S.
Lou, L.
Park, W.-T.
Lee, C. 
Issue Date: Sep-2012
Citation: Zhang, S., Lou, L., Park, W.-T., Lee, C. (2012-09). Characterization of a silicon nanowire-based cantilever air-flow sensor. Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering 22 (9) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Silicon nanowire (SiNW)-based cantilever flow sensors with three different cantilever sizes (10×50, 20×90 and 40×100 μm 2) and various SiNW lengths (2, 5 and 10 μm) have been designed for air velocity sensing. The total device thickness is around 3 μm, which consists of the bottom SiO 2layer (0.5 μm) and the top SiN x layer (2.5 μm). In addition, the SiN x layer is used to compensate the initial stress and also enhance the device immunity to air-flow-induced vibrations significantly. To experience the maximum strain induced by the air flow, SiNWs are embedded at the clamp point where the cantilever is anchored to the substrate. Taking advantage of the superior properties of SiNWs, the reported flow sensor shows outstanding air-flow-sensing capability in terms of sensitivity, linearity and hysteresis. With only a supply voltage of 0.1V and the high initial resistance of the piezoresistive SiNWs, significant energy saving is reached in contrast to the thermal-based flow sensors as well as other recently reported piezoresistive designs. Last but not least, the significant size reduction of our device demonstrates the great scalability of SiNW-based flow sensors. © 2012 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Source Title: Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering
ISSN: 09601317
DOI: 10.1088/0960-1317/22/9/095008
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