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|Title:||Modulation of chondrocyte functions and stiffness-dependent cartilage repair using an injectable enzymatically crosslinked hydrogelwith tunable mechanical properties|
|Citation:||Wang, L.-S., Du, C., Toh, W.S., Wan, A.C.A., Gao, S.J., Kurisawa, M. (2014-02). Modulation of chondrocyte functions and stiffness-dependent cartilage repair using an injectable enzymatically crosslinked hydrogelwith tunable mechanical properties. Biomaterials 35 (7) : 2207-2217. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2013.11.070|
|Abstract:||We developed an injectable hydrogel system to evaluate the effect of hydrogel stiffness on chondrocyte cellular functions in a three-dimensional (3D) environment and its subsequent influence on ectopic cartilage formation and early-stage osteochondral defect repair in a rabbit model. The hydrogels, composed of gelatin-hydroxyphenylpropionic acid (Gtn-HPA) conjugate, were formed using oxidative coupling of HPA moieties catalyzed by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and horseradish peroxidase (HRP). The storage modulus (G') of the hydrogels, which was tunable by changing the H2O2 and Gtn-HPA concentrations, ranged from 570Pa to 2750Pa. It was found that the cellular functions of chondrocytes encapsulated in hydrogels, including cell proliferation, biosynthesis of collagen and sulfated glycosaminoglycans (sGAG), as well as gene expression of type I (Col-I) and type II collagen (Col-II), were strongly affected by the stiffness of the hydrogels. Of note, chondrocytes cultured within the Gtn-HPA hydrogel of medium stiffness (G'=1000Pa) produced highest level of sGAG production, as well as highest ratio of Col-II to Col-I gene expression among the Gtn-HPA hydrogels of different stiffness. Consistent with the results from invitro and invivo ectopic cartilage formation, osteochondral defect repair in a rabbit model showed stiffness-dependent tissue repair, with defects implanted with chondrocytes in hydrogels of medium stiffness having markedly more hyaline cartilage formation, smoother surface and better integration with adjacent cartilage, compared to defects treated with hydrogels of low or high stiffness. These results suggest that the tunable stiffness of Gtn-HPA hydrogels modulates chondrocyte cellular functions, and has a dramatic impact on cartilage tissue histogenesis and repair. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.|
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