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Title: The Original Position and Justification
Keywords: Rawls, Reflective Equilibrium, Original Position, Justice, Political Philosophy, Justification
Issue Date: 20-Feb-2014
Source: ANANTHARAMAN MURALIDHARAN (2014-02-20). The Original Position and Justification. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Rawls?s principles of justice are supposedly justified if they would be chosen from within the Original Position. The arguments Rawls brings to bear on the various features of the Original Position are situated within a justificatory framework called wide reflective equilibrium. In this thesis, I argue that arguments situated in such a framework are either conservative or incoherent. In addition I argue that the results of the process are in principle unable to achieve Rawls?s meta-theoretical aims. In light of this many of the key arguments that Rawls uses to justify the various features of the Original Position are inadequate. I propose a more parsimonious alternative in which the Original Position is an appropriate reduction of an ideal observer situation designed to choose the principles of justice most suitable for a pluralistic society.
Appears in Collections:Master's Theses (Open)

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