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Title: Transforming C 60 molecules into graphene quantum dots
Authors: Lu, J.
Yeo, P.S.E.
Gan, C.K.
Wu, P.
Loh, K.P. 
Issue Date: Apr-2011
Citation: Lu, J., Yeo, P.S.E., Gan, C.K., Wu, P., Loh, K.P. (2011-04). Transforming C 60 molecules into graphene quantum dots. Nature Nanotechnology 6 (4) : 247-252. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The fragmentation of fullerenes using ions, surface collisions or thermal effects is a complex process that typically leads to the formation of small carbon clusters of variable size. Here, we show that geometrically well-defined graphene quantum dots can be synthesized on a ruthenium surface using C 60 molecules as a precursor. Scanning tunnelling microscopy imaging, supported by density functional theory calculations, suggests that the structures are formed through the ruthenium-catalysed cage-opening of C 60. In this process, the strong C 60-Ru interaction induces the formation of surface vacancies in the Ru single crystal and a subsequent embedding of C 60 molecules in the surface. The fragmentation of the embedded molecules at elevated temperatures then produces carbon clusters that undergo diffusion and aggregation to form graphene quantum dots. The equilibrium shape of the graphene can be tailored by optimizing the annealing temperature and the density of the carbon clusters. © 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Nature Nanotechnology
ISSN: 17483387
DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2011.30
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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