Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2009.05.074
Title: Solvent-bar microextraction-Using a silica monolith as the extractant phase holder
Authors: Xu, L.
Lee, H.K. 
Keywords: Liquid-phase microextraction
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
Silica monolith
Solvent bar microextraction
Issue Date: 17-Jul-2009
Citation: Xu, L., Lee, H.K. (2009-07-17). Solvent-bar microextraction-Using a silica monolith as the extractant phase holder. Journal of Chromatography A 1216 (29) : 5483-5488. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2009.05.074
Abstract: In this paper, a novel liquid-phase microextraction (LPME) approach, based on solvent-bar microextraction (SBME), was developed in which a silica monolith was used as the extractant solvent holder. Owing to the porous nature of the monolith, the extractant solvent could be easily held in the material; when the monolith containing the extractant solvent was exposed to the sample solution, analytes could directly diffuse from the sample solution into the extractant solvent. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were used as model analytes to evaluate the procedure. Through the investigation of the effect of agitation speed, extraction time, length of the monolith (that determined the volume of organic extractant solvent) and salt concentration on extraction efficiency, the following optimal extraction conditions were obtained: stirring at 1000 rpm for 30 min without salt addition using a 4-mm silica monolith. The limits of detection ranged from 3.9 pg/mL to 28.8 pg/mL, with relative standard deviations of between 8.16% and 10.5% on the same silica monolith. The linearity was 0.05-200 ng/mL for fluoranthene and pyrene, and 0.5-200 ng/mL for chrysene and benzo[b]fluoranthene, with acceptable correlation coefficient. When this method was applied for the spiked real river sample, the relative recoveries ranged from 87.1% to 100.7% for the tested PAHs. This method was also compared to polymeric hollow fiber-based SBME and hollow fiber-protected LPME and found to provide better results. Additionally, compared with the polymeric hollow fiber, the silica monolith possesses good resistance to extreme conditions, such as high temperature and pH, and is more compatible with various organic solvents. This is the first report of an application of a monolithic material for LPME, and as a solvent holder for SBME. It extends the scope of applications of such materials, to analytical chemistry, specifically to sample preparation. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of Chromatography A
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/77026
ISSN: 00219673
DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2009.05.074
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