Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2012.02.068
Title: One step solvent bar microextraction and derivatization followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the determination of pharmaceutically active compounds in drain water samples
Authors: Guo, L.
Lee, H.K. 
Keywords: Derivatization
Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry
Pharmaceutically active compounds
Solvent bar microextraction
Issue Date: 27-Apr-2012
Citation: Guo, L., Lee, H.K. (2012-04-27). One step solvent bar microextraction and derivatization followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the determination of pharmaceutically active compounds in drain water samples. Journal of Chromatography A 1235 : 26-33. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2012.02.068
Abstract: For the first time, a simple and novel one-step combined solvent bar microextraction with derivatization with GC-MS analysis, was developed for the determination of pharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs) in water samples. In the procedure, the derivatization reagent was added in the extraction solvent (solvent bar), so that the analytes could be extracted from the aqueous sample and simultaneously derivatized in the solvent bar to enhance their volatility and improve chromatographic performance. After extraction, the derivatized analytes in the extract were directly injected into a GC-MS system for analysis. Six PhACs including naproxen, ibuprofen, ketoprofen, propranolol, diclofenac, and alprenolol were used here to develop and evaluate the method. The parameters affecting the derivatization and extraction efficiency including derivatization time and temperature, the proportion of derivatization reagent, the type of organic solvent, extraction time, extraction temperature, pH of sample solution, effect of ionic strength, and sample agitation speed, were investigated in detail. Under the most favorable conditions, the method provided good limits of detection ranging from 0.006 to 0.022 μg/L, linearity (from 0.1-50 to 0.2-50 μg/L, depending on analytes) and repeatability of extractions (RSDs below 9.5%, n= 5). The proposed method was compared to hollow fiber protected liquid-phase microextraction and solid-phase microextraction, and showed higher extraction efficiency and/or shorter extraction time. The proposed method was applied to the determination of six PhACs in drain water, and was demonstrated to be simple, fast and efficient. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
Source Title: Journal of Chromatography A
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/76668
ISSN: 00219673
DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2012.02.068
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