Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-4636(199823)43:3<282
Title: Irradiation of chitosan
Authors: Lim, L.-Y. 
Khor, E. 
Koo, O.
Keywords: γ irradiation
Chitosan
Films
Main chain scission
Network structure
Issue Date: 1998
Citation: Lim, L.-Y.,Khor, E.,Koo, O. (1998). Irradiation of chitosan. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research 43 (3) : 282-290. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-4636(199823)43:3<282
Abstract: Chitosan has potential biomedical applications that may require the final products to be sterilized before use. The γ irradiation of purified and highly deacetylated chitosan fibers and films at sterilizing doses (up to 25 kGy) caused main chain scissions. The viscosity average molecular weight of the polymer decreased with increasing irradiation dose, the radiation yields of scission being 1.16 in air and 1.53 in anoxia. Preirradiation application of a negative pressure of 100 kPa disrupted the network structure, which may have contributed to the greater radiation yield obtained by chitosan fibers in anoxia. Radiation induced scission of the chitosan chains resulted in a lower glass transition temperature (T(g)), indicative of higher segmental mobility. The T(g) was below ambient at an irradiation dose of 25 kGy in air. Irradiation in air improved the tensile strength of the chitosan film, probably due to changes in chain interaction and rearrangement. Irradiation in anoxia did not affect film properties significantly, partly because the preirradiation application of negative pressure had a negligible effect on the structure of the chitosan film. Polymer network structure and the irradiation conditions are therefore important determinants of the extent of radiation induced reactions in chitosan.
Source Title: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/76412
ISSN: 00219304
DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-4636(199823)43:3<282
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