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Title: Graphene oxide/ferric hydroxide composites for efficient arsenate removal from drinking water
Authors: Zhang, K. 
Dwivedi, V.
Chi, C. 
Wu, J. 
Keywords: Arsenate removal
Ferric hydroxide
Graphene oxide
Issue Date: Oct-2010
Source: Zhang, K., Dwivedi, V., Chi, C., Wu, J. (2010-10). Graphene oxide/ferric hydroxide composites for efficient arsenate removal from drinking water. Journal of Hazardous Materials 182 (1-3) : 162-168. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: A series of novel composites based on graphene oxide (GO) cross-linked with ferric hydroxide was developed for effective removal of arsenate from contaminated drinking water. GO, which was used as a supporting matrix here, was firstly treated with ferrous sulfate. Then, the ferrous compound cross-linked with GO was in situ oxidized to ferric compound by hydrogen peroxide, followed by treating with ammonium hydroxide. The morphology and composition of the composites were analyzed by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The ferric hydroxide was found to be homogenously impregnated onto GO sheets in amorphous form. These composites were evaluated as absorbents for arsenate removal from contaminated drinking water. For the water with arsenate concentration at 51.14. ppm, more than 95% of arsenate was absorbed by composite GO-Fe-5 with an absorption capacity of 23.78. mg. arsenate/g of composite. Effective arsenate removal occurred in a wide range of pH from 4 to 9. However, the efficiency of arsenate removal was decreased when pH was increased to higher than 8. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
Source Title: Journal of Hazardous Materials
ISSN: 03043894
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.06.010
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