Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1002/pca.1069
Title: Evaluation of viability assays for anthocyanins in cultured cells
Authors: Elisia, I.
Popovich, D.G. 
Hu, C.
Kitts, D.D.
Keywords: Anthocyanin
Antioxidant
Blackberry
Cytotoxicity
Interference
MIT
Issue Date: Nov-2008
Citation: Elisia, I., Popovich, D.G., Hu, C., Kitts, D.D. (2008-11). Evaluation of viability assays for anthocyanins in cultured cells. Phytochemical Analysis 19 (6) : 479-486. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1002/pca.1069
Abstract: The MTT [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-,diphenyltetrazolium bromide] assay is a widely accepted cytotoxicity assay which can produce inaccurate results due to possible interference with the antioxidant property of anthocyanins. Alternative methods to the MTT assay, such as BrdU (DNA-based) and CellTiter-Glo (ATP-based) assays were evaluated to assess anthocyanin cytotoxicity, derived from blackberry in LNCaP, MCF-7 and MDA-MB-453 cell lines. The standard cell counting method was the reference assay. Greater correlation of cell viability values following anthocyanin exposure was obtained from multiple cell lines with the alternative assays when compared with cell counting. MTT and cell counting results were not always correlated, albeit this was a function of cell type. In particular, poor correlations between cell counting and MTT procedures used to assess cytotoxicity of anthocyanins were observed in the MDA-MB-453 cell lines. Comparison of cytotoxicity derived from alternative assays and the MTT assays with the cell counting method was dependent on the assay procedure and the cell type. The LC50 of blackberry crude extract ranged from 0.4 to 9.4 mg/mL between assays and across all cell lines, whereas a semi-purified anthocyanin extract was not cytotoxic. Cytotoxicity evaluation of polyphenolic-rich extracts using BrdU and CellTiter-Glo assays as alternatives to the MTT method is recommended. Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Source Title: Phytochemical Analysis
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/76138
ISSN: 09580344
DOI: 10.1002/pca.1069
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