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Title: Determination of nitrate in seawater by capillary zone electrophoresis with chloride-induced sample self-stacking
Authors: Tu, C.
Lee, H.K. 
Keywords: Environmental analysis
Inorganic anions
Sample stacking
Water analysis
Issue Date: 9-Aug-2002
Citation: Tu, C., Lee, H.K. (2002-08-09). Determination of nitrate in seawater by capillary zone electrophoresis with chloride-induced sample self-stacking. Journal of Chromatography A 966 (1-2) : 205-212. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: A capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) method was established to determine low concentration nitrate which was online preconcentrated with chloride-induced leading-type sample self-stacking for seawater samples. The sample self-stacking was based on transient isotachophoresis in which chloride served as leading ion, and dihydrogenphosphate in the background electrolyte (0.1 M phosphate) as the terminating one. Due to the small mobility difference between nitrate and chloride, the isotachophoresis time was so long that nitrate could not separate from the rear sharp boundary between chloride and the background electrolyte (BGE) when it migrated to the detection window. A zwitterionic surfactant, 3-(N,N-dimethyldodecylammonio)propane sulfonate was added to the BGE to enlarge the mobility difference for its selective interaction with anions. Thus, a highly conductive sample could be injected in a large volume with about fourfold sensitivity enhancement compared to that of field amplification sample stacking in which nitrate was dissolved in pure water. The relative standard deviations (n=5) of migration time, peak area, peak height were 0.1, 3.0, 1.5%, respectively. The limit of detection (S/N=3) for nitrate was 35 μg/l in seawater samples with relatively low concentration BGE (0.1 M sodium phosphate, pH 6.2). The overall procedure consisting of online preconcentration and separation was as simple as routine CZE except for a slightly longer sample injection time (3-4 min). © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of Chromatography A
ISSN: 00219673
DOI: 10.1016/S0021-9673(02)00744-6
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