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Title: Bioaccumulation of DDT pesticide in cultured Asian seabass following dietary exposure
Authors: Bayen, S.
Giusti, P.
Lee, H.K. 
Barlow, P.J. 
Obard, J.P.
Issue Date: 8-Jan-2005
Citation: Bayen, S., Giusti, P., Lee, H.K., Barlow, P.J., Obard, J.P. (2005-01-08). Bioaccumulation of DDT pesticide in cultured Asian seabass following dietary exposure. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health - Part A 68 (1) : 51-65. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Bioaccumulation and metabolism of p,p′-DDT was studied in the marine carnivorous fish Lates calcarifer, Asian seabass, in a controlled aquaculture experiment. Over a 42-d period, seabass were fed pellets dosed with p,p′-DDT at environmentally realistic levels. Virtually all p,p′-DDT in pellets bioaccumulated in the fish with an uptake efficiency of 93%. The levels of p,p′-DDT and the metabolites p,p′-DDD and p,p′-DDT were analyzed in muscle, liver, visceral fat, brain, and remaining tissues. Partitioning of p,p′-DDT and its metabolites among the control, low-dose, and high-dose exposed seabass were 14.8% in muscle, 3.5% in liver, 37.1% in visceral fat, 0.11% in brain, and 45.5% in remaining tissues, where partitioning between tissues was a function of tissue lipid content. p,p′-DDT bioaccumulation increased linearly with exposure in visceral fat and muscle tissue. The metabolism of p,p′-DDT, which occurs mainly in the liver, resulted in the degradation of 2.5% of p,p′-DDT into p,p′-DDD,. These new findings show that bioaccumulation processes at environmentally realistic ingestion exposure levels (ng/g) differ from previous DDT ingestion studies conducted at unrealistically high DDT levels (μg/g), high-lighting the need to revise models on the transfer of persistent organic pollutants in the marine environment and aquaculture systems.
Source Title: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health - Part A
ISSN: 15287394
DOI: 10.1080/15287390590524037
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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