Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2009.03.051
Title: Application of dynamic liquid-phase microextraction and injection port derivatization combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry to the determination of acidic pharmaceutically active compounds in water samples
Authors: Zhang, J. 
Lee, H.K. 
Keywords: Injection port derivatization
Liquid-phase microextraction
Pharmaceutically active compounds
Issue Date: 30-Oct-2009
Citation: Zhang, J., Lee, H.K. (2009-10-30). Application of dynamic liquid-phase microextraction and injection port derivatization combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry to the determination of acidic pharmaceutically active compounds in water samples. Journal of Chromatography A 1216 (44) : 7527-7532. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2009.03.051
Abstract: A method has been established for the determination of four pharmaceutically active compounds (ibuprofen, ketoprofen, naproxen and clofibric acid) in water samples using dynamic hollow fiber liquid-phase microextraction (HF/LPME) followed by gas chromatography (GC) injection port derivatization and GC-mass spectrometric (MS) determination. Dynamic HF/LPME is a novel approach to microextraction that involves the use of a programmable syringe pump to move the liquid phases participating in the extraction so as to facilitate the process. Trimethylanilinium hydroxide (TMAH) was used as derivatization reagent for the analytes to increase their volatility and improve chromatographic separation. Parameters that affect extraction efficiency (selection of organic solvent, volume of organic solvent, agitation in the donor phase, plunger movement and extraction time) were investigated. Under optimal conditions, the proposed method provided good enrichment factors up to 251, reproducibility ranging from 3.26% to 10.61%, and good linearity from 0.2 to 50 μg/L. The limits of detection ranged between 0.01 and 0.05 μg/L (S/N = 3) using selective ion monitoring. This method was applied to the determination of the four pharmaceutically active compounds in tap water and wastewater collected from a drain in the vicinity of a hospital. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of Chromatography A
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/75595
ISSN: 00219673
DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2009.03.051
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