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Title: Optimization of reliability of copper-low-k flip chip package with variable interconnect compliance
Authors: Ong, J.M.G.
Tay, A.A.O. 
Zhang, X.
Kripesh, V.
Lim, Y.K.
Tan, J.B.
Sohn, D.K.
Issue Date: 2008
Citation: Ong, J.M.G., Tay, A.A.O., Zhang, X., Kripesh, V., Lim, Y.K., Tan, J.B., Sohn, D.K. (2008). Optimization of reliability of copper-low-k flip chip package with variable interconnect compliance. Proceedings - Electronic Components and Technology Conference : 1031-1035. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The trend toward finer pitch and higher performance integrated circuits (ICs) devices has driven the semiconductor industry to incorporate copper and low-k dielectric materials. However, the low-k materials have lower modulus and poorer adhesion compared to the common dielectric materials. Thus, thermo-mechanical failure is one of the major bottlenecks for development of fine-pitch, large-die Cu/low-k flip chip packages. In this paper, 3D finite element analyses were performed to investigate the reliability of 65nm, 21×21mm 9metal Cu/ low-k, chips with 150um interconnect pitch in a FCBGA package with a 750um die thickness and 1.0mm substrate thickness. Three parametric cases involving different geometries of solder joints were analyze: (A) All 20 rows with spherical solder joints, (B) 10 hourglass joints followed by 10 spherical joints, and (C) 10 spherical joints followed by 10 hourglass joints. The spherical joints are stiffer than the hourglass joints. It was found that Case C gave the lowest inelastic energy dissipation (AW) for the critical solder joint implying that Case C will have the longest fatigue life. It was also found that Case C gave the lowest maximum stress in the low-k material and it was further shown that reliability will be enhanced wim decrease in die thickness and substrate thickness. © 2008 IEEE.
Source Title: Proceedings - Electronic Components and Technology Conference
ISBN: 9781424422302
ISSN: 05695503
DOI: 10.1109/ECTC.2008.4550103
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