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Title: Evaluation of wear mechanisms of Y-TZP and tungsten carbide punches
Authors: Myint, M.H.
Fuh, J.Y.H. 
Wong, Y.S. 
Lu, L. 
Chen, Z.D.
Choy, C.M.
Keywords: Ceramics
Tool wear
Wear resistance
Issue Date: 22-Sep-2003
Citation: Myint, M.H., Fuh, J.Y.H., Wong, Y.S., Lu, L., Chen, Z.D., Choy, C.M. (2003-09-22). Evaluation of wear mechanisms of Y-TZP and tungsten carbide punches. Journal of Materials Processing Technology 140 (1-3 SPEC.) : 460-464. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Tool wear is one of the major concerns in the tooling industry. A comparative evaluation of different tool materials and tool wear will help preventing frequent replacement of tools thus reducing the costs incurred due to such replacements. In this paper, tool wear mechanism of tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (TZP) punch is compared with that of commercially available WC (tungsten carbide) punch during stamping. The tool life for the TZP punch was found to be over 2.5 times higher than that of commercial tungsten carbide. The worn-out tools were analysed using scanning electron microscope and optical microscope for studying the tool wear mechanisms. Tool wear and chemical action possibly cause the failure of the tungsten carbide punch, whereas wear of TZP punch is predominantly caused by mechanical shearing of asperity and plastic deformation. Due to their inherent high melting point and the absence of the second-phase binder, ceramics materials do not soften at higher temperature unlike the carbide tools. Hence, they can be used at high cutting speeds without initiating deformation/diffusion wear. This assists in improving the tool life significantly. In addition, TZP ceramics is inert, corrosion resistant and non-wetting when contacting metals. Exposed carbide grains act as a site for increased wear and metal pickup during precision, high-speed metal stamping and forming. Moreover, cobalt-depleted carbide tools can create burring of the strip being stamped, leading to poor part quality. The performance of TZP punch tool will be evaluated thoroughly based on experimental data in this paper. © 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of Materials Processing Technology
ISSN: 09240136
DOI: 10.1016/S0924-0136(03)00762-3
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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