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Title: Development of nitrogen-containing nickel-free austenitic stainless steels for metallic biomaterials - Review
Authors: Sumita, M.
Hanawa, T.
Teoh, S.H. 
Keywords: Excellent mechanical properties
High corrosion resistance
Implant devices
Low toxicity
Nickel-free nitrogen-containing austenitic stainless steel
Surface nitrogenization
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2004
Source: Sumita, M., Hanawa, T., Teoh, S.H. (2004-12-01). Development of nitrogen-containing nickel-free austenitic stainless steels for metallic biomaterials - Review. Materials Science and Engineering C 24 (6-8 SPEC. ISS.) : 753-760. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Metallic biomaterials - such as 316L stainless steel and cobalt-based alloys - have been used as biomaterials mainly because of their excellent mechanical and corrosion properties. However, the release of nickel trace elements - which cause toxicity - has prompted the development of nitrogen-containing nickel-free austenitic stainless steels. This paper reviews their development, traces the history of 316L stainless steel, and the improvement of properties by nitrogen addition. These steels are now available for production of implant devices such as bone plates and screws. Such production requires special techniques with nitrogen absorption treatment. © 2004 Published by Elsevier B.V.
Source Title: Materials Science and Engineering C
ISSN: 09284931
DOI: 10.1016/j.msec.2004.08.030
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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