Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.2174/978160805224011201010025
Title: Photosynthetic hydrogen production: Mechanisms and approaches
Authors: Antal, T.K.
Krendeleva, T.E.
Pashchenko, V.Z.
Rubin, A.B.
Stensjo, K.
Tyystjärvi, E.
Ramakrishna, S. 
Los, D.A.
Carpentier, R.
Nishihara, H.
Allakhverdiev, S.I.
Keywords: ATP
Ferredoxin
Gloeocapsa
Hydrogen production
Hydrogenases
NADPH
Nitrogenases
Nostoc
Oxygen evolving complex
Photosystem i
Photosystem ii
Spirulina
Synechococcus
Synechocystis
Issue Date: 2012
Source: Antal, T.K.,Krendeleva, T.E.,Pashchenko, V.Z.,Rubin, A.B.,Stensjo, K.,Tyystjärvi, E.,Ramakrishna, S.,Los, D.A.,Carpentier, R.,Nishihara, H.,Allakhverdiev, S.I. (2012). Photosynthetic hydrogen production: Mechanisms and approaches. State of the Art and Progress in Production of Biohydrogen : 25-53. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.2174/978160805224011201010025
Abstract: The development of renewable fuels of the future is important for the replacement of depleting oil and natural gas reserves. Hydrogen is one of the most promising clean fuels, since its combustion yields only water. One of the visionary methods to obtain hydrogen at the expanse of solar energy is the use of photosynthetic microorganisms. Hydrogen production in phototrophs is coupled to the oxygenic and anoxygenic photosynthesis involving hydrogen-evolving enzymes, hydrogenases and nitrogenases. At the present time the efficiency of hydrogen photoproduction is not sufficiently high. Most hydrogen-evolving enzymes are inhibited by molecular oxygen, which creates a major barrier for the sustained hydrogen photoproduction in oxygenic phototrophs, such as green algae and cyanobacteria. However, several strategies have been applied to solve this problem, including spatial and temporal separation of water splitting and hydrogen evolution, and regulation of water splitting activity and respiration to maintain anoxic conditions. Anoxygenic photosynthesis can be used to drive hydrogen photoproduction in integrated systems including fermentative anaerobic organisms. In this review different mechanisms for hydrogen production in photosynthetic organisms and the latest advances in this area are discussed. © 2012 Bentham Science Publishers. All rights reserved.
Source Title: State of the Art and Progress in Production of Biohydrogen
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/68015
ISBN: 9781608054114
DOI: 10.2174/978160805224011201010025
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