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Title: Pentachlorophenol dechlorination by an acidogenic sludge
Authors: Mun, C.H.
He, J. 
Ng, W.J.
Keywords: Acidogenic
Issue Date: Aug-2008
Citation: Mun, C.H., He, J., Ng, W.J. (2008-08). Pentachlorophenol dechlorination by an acidogenic sludge. Water Research 42 (14) : 3789-3798. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This study reports the feasibility of removing pentachlorophenol (PCP) by an acidogenic process in batch reactors. When the acidogenic sludge was first acclimated with 2,4,6-trichlorophenol (2,4,6-TCP) and developed 2,4,6-TCP dechlorinating activity, PCP could be ortho-dechlorinated to 3,4,5,-trichlorophenol (3,4,5-TCP) via 2,3,4,5-tetrachlorophenol as the intermediary. However, due to PCP's higher hydrophobicity and its higher expected Gibbs free energy yield, it was adsorbed to the sludge and dechlorinated preferentially to 2,4,6-TCP. This resulted in the inhibition of 2,4,6-TCP dechlorination. PCP removal under acidogenic condition was attributed to both reductive dechlorination and adsorption. At low PCP loads of 0.48 μmoles/g MLVSS.d, dechlorination was the dominant removal mechanism (69% of total removal), while at the higher PCP load of 9.3 μmoles/g MLVSS.d, adsorption was the main mechanism (82% of total removal). Attempts to induce meta or para position dechlorination of PCP failed when using meta position chlorophenols such as 2,3,6-TCP, 3,4,5-TCP and 3,5-DCP as the initial substrates. Overall, acidogenic biotreatment was an effective process in reducing PCP loads prior to downstream biological treatment. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Water Research
ISSN: 00431354
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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