Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1080/09500340.2010.481729
Title: Using the phase-space imager to analyze partially coherent imaging systems: Bright-field, phase contrast, differential interference contrast, differential phase contrast, and spiral phase contrast
Authors: Mehta, S.B.
Sheppard, C.J.R. 
Keywords: differential interference contrast
differential phase contrast
image formation
partially coherent imaging
phase-space imager
spiral phase contrast
Issue Date: May-2010
Source: Mehta, S.B., Sheppard, C.J.R. (2010-05). Using the phase-space imager to analyze partially coherent imaging systems: Bright-field, phase contrast, differential interference contrast, differential phase contrast, and spiral phase contrast. Journal of Modern Optics 57 (9) : 718-739. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1080/09500340.2010.481729
Abstract: Various methods that use large illumination aperture (i.e. partially coherent illumination) have been developed for making transparent (i.e. phase) specimens visible. These methods were developed to provide qualitative contrast rather than quantitative measurement-coherent illumination has been relied upon for quantitative phase analysis. Partially coherent illumination has some important advantages over coherent illumination and can be used for measurement of the specimen's phase distribution. However, quantitative analysis and image computation in partially coherent systems have not been explored fully due to the lack of a general, physically insightful and computationally efficient model of image formation. We have developed a phase-space model that satisfies these requirements. In this paper, we employ this model (called the phase-space imager) to elucidate five different partially coherent systems mentioned in the title. We compute images of an optical fiber under these systems and verify some of them with experimental images. These results and simulated images of a general phase profile are used to compare the contrast and the resolution of the imaging systems. We show that, for quantitative phase imaging of a thin specimen with matched illumination, differential phase contrast offers linear transfer of specimen information to the image. We also show that the edge enhancement properties of spiral phase contrast are compromised significantly as the coherence of illumination is reduced. The results demonstrate that the phase-space imager model provides a useful framework for analysis, calibration, and design of partially coherent imaging methods. © 2010 Taylor & Francis.
Source Title: Journal of Modern Optics
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/67343
ISSN: 09500340
DOI: 10.1080/09500340.2010.481729
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