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|Title:||Grafting of epoxy resin on surface-modified poly(tetrafluoroethylene) films|
|Citation:||Yu, Z.J.,Kang, E.T.,Neoh, K.G.,Cui, C.Q.,Lim, T.B. (2000). Grafting of epoxy resin on surface-modified poly(tetrafluoroethylene) films. Journal of Adhesion 73 (4) : 417-439. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.|
|Abstract:||An epoxy/PTFE composite was prepared by curing the epoxy resin on the surface-modified PTFE film. Surface modification of PTFE films was carried out via argon plasma pretreatment, followed by UV-induced graft copolymerization with glycidyl methacrylate (GMA). The film composite achieved a 90°-peel adhesion strength above 15 N/cm. The strong adhesion of the epoxy resin to PTFE arose from the fact that the epoxide groups of the grafted GMA chains were cured into the epoxy resin matrix to give rise to a highly crosslinked interphase, as well as the fact that the GMA chains were covalently tethered on the PTFE film surface. Delamination of the composite resulted in cohesive failure inside the PTFE film and gave rise to an epoxy resin surface with a covalently-adhered fluoropolymer layer. The surface composition and microstructures of the GMA graft-copolymerized PTFE (GMA-g-PTFE) films and those of the delaminated epoxy resin and PTFE film surfaces were characterized by X-ray photo-electron spectroscopy (XPS), water contact angle and scanning electron microscope (SEM) measurements. The delaminated epoxy resin surfaces were highly hydrophobic, having water contact angles of about 140°C. The value is higher than that of the pristine PTFE film surface of about 110°. The epoxy resin samples obtained from delamination of the epoxy/GMA-g-PTFE composites showed a lower rate of moisture sorption. All the fluorinated epoxy resin surfaces exhibited rather good stability when subjected to the Level 1 hydrothermal reliability tests.|
|Source Title:||Journal of Adhesion|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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