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Title: Analysis of a piston PSA process for air separation
Authors: Arvind, R.
Farooq, S. 
Ruthven, D.M.
Keywords: Adsorption
Air separation
Mathematical model
Numerical simulation
Piston driven PSA
Issue Date: 25-Jan-2002
Citation: Arvind, R., Farooq, S., Ruthven, D.M. (2002-01-25). Analysis of a piston PSA process for air separation. Chemical Engineering Science 57 (3) : 419-433. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The piston driven PSA process offers the potential for achieving productivity improvement by rapid piston action. In the present work, experiments were performed on a laboratory scale piston driven PSA test rig with provisions to vary all the important operating variables, namely, phase angle configuration, stroke length, cycling speed duration and angles of feed introduction and product withdrawal. Air separation on 13X zeolite was chosen as the model experimental system. Experiments with adsorbent particles of two different sizes confirmed that mass transfer resistance is important and may significantly affect the separation performance. A mathematical model was developed to simulate the process. The numerical solution was verified by simulating limiting conditions that had analytical solutions. Some basic model assumptions related to piston motion were verified by comparing with experiments conducted at well-defined limiting conditions like empty column and total recycle. Flow resistance in the connecting tubes seemed to explain the observed difference in both phase and amplitude of the pressure profiles measured at the two ends of the column. The model predictions were generally in good agreement with the experimental observations. The model was used to perform a parametric study in the operating regions that were not covered in the experiments. General inferences are made regarding the operating configurations that are expected to improved system performance. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Chemical Engineering Science
ISSN: 00092509
DOI: 10.1016/S0009-2509(01)00374-8
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