Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.70.10.5732-5736.2004
Title: Use of semiconductor quantum dots for photostable immunofluorescence labeling of Cryptosporidium parvum
Authors: Lee, L.Y. 
Ong, S.L. 
Hu, J.Y. 
Ng, W.J. 
Feng, Y. 
Tan, X.
Wong, S.W.
Issue Date: Oct-2004
Source: Lee, L.Y., Ong, S.L., Hu, J.Y., Ng, W.J., Feng, Y., Tan, X., Wong, S.W. (2004-10). Use of semiconductor quantum dots for photostable immunofluorescence labeling of Cryptosporidium parvum. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 70 (10) : 5732-5736. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.70.10.5732-5736.2004
Abstract: Cryptosporidium parvum is a waterborne pathogen that poses potential risk to drinking water consumers. The detection of Cryptosporidium oocysts, its transmissive stage, is used in the latest U.S. Environmental Protection Agency method 1622, which utilizes organic fluorophores such as fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) to label the oocysts by conjugation with anti-Cryptosporidium sp. monoclonal antibody (MAb). However, FITC exhibits low resistance to photodegradation. This property will inevitably limit the detection accuracy after a short period of continuous illumination. In view of this, the use of inorganic fluorophores, such as quantum dot (QD), which has a high photobleaching threshold, in place of the organic fluorophores could potentially enhance oocyst detection. In this study, QD605-streptavidin together with biotinylated MAb was used for C. parvum oocyst detection. The C. parvum oocyst detection sensitivity increased when the QD605-streptavidin concentration was increased from 5 to 15 nM and eventually leveled off at a saturation concentration of 20 nM and above. The minimum QD605-streptavidin saturation concentration for detecting up to 4,495 ± 501 oocysts (mean ± standard deviation) was determined to be 20 nM. The difference in the enumeration between 20 nM QD605-streptavidin with biotinylated MAb and FITC-MAb was insignificant (P > 0.126) when various C. parvum oocyst concentrations were used. The QD605 was highly photostable while the FITC intensity decreased to 19.5% ± 5.6% of its initial intensity after 5 min of continuous illumination. The QD605-based technique was also shown to be sensitive for oocyst detection in reservoir water. This observation showed that the QD method developed in this study was able to provide a sensitive technique for detecting C. parvum oocysts with the advantage of having a high photobleaching threshold.
Source Title: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/66368
ISSN: 00992240
DOI: 10.1128/AEM.70.10.5732-5736.2004
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