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|Title:||Removal of metal ions from storm-water runoff by low-cost sorbents: Batch and column studies|
|Authors:||Vijayaraghavan, K. |
|Citation:||Vijayaraghavan, K., Joshi, U.M., Balasubramanian, R. (2010-10). Removal of metal ions from storm-water runoff by low-cost sorbents: Batch and column studies. Journal of Environmental Engineering 136 (10) : 1113-1118. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.|
|Abstract:||The possibility of using the sorption technology to reduce the levels of metal ions present in urban storm-water runoff was investigated in this study. Seven sorbent materials including Amberlite XAD7, chitosan, crab shell, peat, Sargassum, sawdust, and sugarcane bagasse were initially examined for removal of 11 metal ions (Na, K, Ca, Mg, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd, and Pb) from simulated storm-water runoff at different concentrations. Among these sorbents, crab shell performed well with removal efficiencies exceeding 93% for all heavy metal ions examined and thus selected for further studies. Based on scanning electron microscopy/energy-dispersive x-ray analysis, microprecipitation of metal carbonates followed by adsorption onto the surface of crab shell was identified as the major mechanism responsible for removal of heavy metal ions by crab shell. Crab shell exhibited rapid removal of meal ions with attainment of biosorption equilibrium within 20 min. A crab-shell-packed column was used to study the continuous metal retention process. The column performed very well in the removal of heavy metal ions and was able to operate up to 192 h at a flow rate of 10 mL/min before outlet concentrations of Mn and Co reached 0.3 times of their respective inlet concentrations. Other metal ions such as Pb, Zn, Ni, Cd, and Cu were only in trace levels in the final effluent until 192 h. These findings would form the basis for the future development of crab-shell-based biofilters for removal of dissolved heavy metal ions from storm-water runoff. © 2010 ASCE.|
|Source Title:||Journal of Environmental Engineering|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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