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Title: Study of draw solutes using 2-methylimidazole-based compounds in forward osmosis
Authors: Yen, S.K. 
Mehnas Haja N., F.
Su, M.
Wang, K.Y. 
Chung, T.-S. 
Keywords: 2-Methylimidazole
Draw solute
Draw solution
Forward osmosis
Issue Date: 15-Nov-2010
Citation: Yen, S.K., Mehnas Haja N., F., Su, M., Wang, K.Y., Chung, T.-S. (2010-11-15). Study of draw solutes using 2-methylimidazole-based compounds in forward osmosis. Journal of Membrane Science 364 (1-2) : 242-252. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: 2-Methylimidazole-based organic compounds have been studied as draw solutes in the forward osmosis (FO) application. The good solubility of these draw solutes allows comparative studies between the neutral and charged compounds to be conducted. The tailor-designed charged draw solutes 3 and 4 exhibit higher water fluxes performance and lower reverse solute fluxes than the neutral draw solutes 1 and 2 based on HTI cellulose triacetate membranes. The solutes 3 and 4 show comparable water fluxes even though the latter has a higher osmotic pressure. The ionic strength of the draw solutions may appear to be a contributing factor to the performance. The solute 4 exhibits lower reverse solute fluxes than solute 3, which is primarily attributed to its larger molecule size. The larger molecular size may be potential in membrane-based solute recovery; however, it may induce more internal concentration polarization (ICP) in current porous membrane. We have also demonstrated the potential application and recycling of the designed draw solutes in the FO-MD integrated process. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
Source Title: Journal of Membrane Science
ISSN: 03767388
DOI: 10.1016/j.memsci.2010.08.021
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