Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1021/es050697u
Title: Polyethylenimine-modified fungal biomass as a high-capacity biosorbent for Cr(VI) anions: Sorption capacity and uptake mechanisms
Authors: Deng, S.
Ting, Y.P. 
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2005
Source: Deng, S., Ting, Y.P. (2005-11-01). Polyethylenimine-modified fungal biomass as a high-capacity biosorbent for Cr(VI) anions: Sorption capacity and uptake mechanisms. Environmental Science and Technology 39 (21) : 8490-8496. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1021/es050697u
Abstract: Heavy metal pollution in the aqueous environment is a problem of global concern. Biosorption has been considered as a promising technology for the removal of low levels of toxic metals from industrial effluents and natural waters. A modified fungal biomass of Penicillium chrysogenum with positive surface charges was prepared by grafting polyethylenimine (PEI) onto the biomass surface in a two-step reaction. The presence of PEI on the biomass surface was verified by FTIR and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analyses. Due to the high density of amine groups in the long chains of PEI molecules on the surface, the modified biomass was found to possess positive zeta potential at pH below 10.4 as well as high sorption capacity for anionic Cr(VI). Using the Langmuir adsorption isotherm, the maximum sorption capacity for Cr(VI) at a pH range of 4.3-5.5 was 5.37 mmol/g of biomass dry weight, the highest sorption capacity for Cr(VI) compared to other sorbents reported in the literature. Scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) provided evidence of chromium aggregates formed on the biomass surface. XPS results verified the presence of Cr(III) on the biomass surface in the pH range 2.5-10.5, suggesting that some Cr(VI) anions were reduced to Cr(III) during the sorption. The sorption kinetics indicated that redox reaction occurred on the biomass surface, and whether the converted Cr(III) ions were released to solution or adsorbed on the biomass depended on the solution pH. Sorption mechanisms including electrostatic interaction, chelation, and precipitation were found to be involved in the complex sorption of chromium on the PEI-modified biomass. © 2005 American Chemical Society.
Source Title: Environmental Science and Technology
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/64430
ISSN: 0013936X
DOI: 10.1021/es050697u
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