Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||Optimized bone regeneration based on sustained release from three-dimensional fibrous PLGA/HAp composite scaffolds loaded with BMP-2|
Bone morphogenetic protein-2
|Source:||Fu, Y.-C., Nie, H., Ho, M.-L., Wang, C.-K., Wang, C.-H. (2008-03-01). Optimized bone regeneration based on sustained release from three-dimensional fibrous PLGA/HAp composite scaffolds loaded with BMP-2. Biotechnology and Bioengineering 99 (4) : 996-1006. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1002/bit.21648|
|Abstract:||Contemporary treatment of critical bone defect remains a significant challenge in the field of orthopedic surgery. Engineered biomaterials combined with growth factors have emerged as a new treatment alternative in bone repair and regeneration. Our approach is to encapsulate bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) into a polymeric matrix in different ways and characterize their individual performance in a nude mouse model. The main objective of this study is to examine whether the PLGA/HAp composite fibrous scaffolds loaded with BMP-2 through electrospinning can improve bone regeneration. The hypothesis is that different loading methods of BMP-2 and different HAp contents in scaffolds can alternate the release profiles of BMP-2 in vivo, therefore modify the performance of scaffolds in bone regeneration. Firstly, mechanical strength of scaffolds and HAp nanoparticles distribution in scaffolds were investigated. Secondly, nude mice experiments extended to 6 weeks were carried out to test the in vivo performance of these scaffolds, in which measurements, like serum BMP-2 concentration, ALP activity. X-ray qualification, and H&E/ IHC tissue staining were utilized to monitor lhe growth of new bone and the changes of the corresponding biochemical parameters. The results showed that the PLGA/HAp composite scaffolds developed in this study exhibited good morphology/mechanical strength and HAp nanoparticles were homogeneously dispersed inside PLGA matrix. Results from the animal experiments indicate that the bioactivity of BMP-2 released from the fibrous PLGA/HAp composite scaffolds is well maintained, which further improves the formation of new bone and the healing of segmental defects in vivo. It is concluded that BMP-2 loaded PLGA/HAp composite scaffolds are promising for bone healing. © 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.|
|Source Title:||Biotechnology and Bioengineering|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
Show full item record
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
checked on Dec 7, 2017
WEB OF SCIENCETM
checked on Nov 22, 2017
checked on Dec 11, 2017
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.