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Title: Novel solid forms of the anti-tuberculosis drug, Isoniazid: Ternary and polymorphic cocrystals
Authors: Aitipamula, S.
Wong, A.B.H.
Chow, P.S.
Tan, R.B.H. 
Issue Date: 7-Aug-2013
Citation: Aitipamula, S., Wong, A.B.H., Chow, P.S., Tan, R.B.H. (2013-08-07). Novel solid forms of the anti-tuberculosis drug, Isoniazid: Ternary and polymorphic cocrystals. CrystEngComm 15 (29) : 5877-5887. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Novel cocrystals of an anti-tuberculosis drug, Isoniazid (INH), with pharmaceutically acceptable coformers such as nicotinamide (NA), 4-hydroxybenzoic acid (HBA), fumaric acid (FA), and succinic acid (SA) are reported. Cocrystallization experiments involving INH and HBA produced two polymorphs of a novel hydrate of the INH·HBA cocrystal. Similarly, cocrystallization of INH and FA produced a novel polymorph of the reported INH·FA cocrystal. We have successfully explored the idea of designing ternary cocrystals involving INH with NA and FA or SA. All the novel solids were thoroughly characterized and their crystal structures determined. All the crystal structures feature an acid-pyridine heterosynthon involving INH and the carboxylic acid. Stability of the novel cocrystals was evaluated by slurry experiments and dynamic vapor sorption studies. In addition, stability of the cocrystals at accelerated test conditions (40°C, 75% RH) was also tested. Anhydrous INH·HBA cocrystal and Form I of INH·HBA cocrystal hydrate were found to convert to Form II of the INH·HBA hydrate, and Form II of INH·FA cocrystal converted to Form I of the INH·FA cocrystal. Ternary cocrystals remain stable at all test conditions. Solubility and dissolution experiments revealed a greater solubility of the INH·NA·SA cocrystal and its dissolution rate is comparable to the dissolution rate of the native INH. All other cocrystals showed lower solubility and dissolution rate compared to INH. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
Source Title: CrystEngComm
ISSN: 14668033
DOI: 10.1039/c3ce40729b
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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