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Title: Effects of lipid chain unsaturation and headgroup type on molecular interactions between paclitaxel and phospholipid within model biomembrane
Authors: Zhao, L. 
Feng, S.-S. 
Keywords: Anticancer drugs
Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)
Drug delivery
Langmuir trough
Lipid bilayers
Lipid monolayers
Issue Date: 1-May-2005
Citation: Zhao, L., Feng, S.-S. (2005-05-01). Effects of lipid chain unsaturation and headgroup type on molecular interactions between paclitaxel and phospholipid within model biomembrane. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 285 (1) : 326-335. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Molecular interactions between paclitaxel, an anticancer drug, and phospholipids of various chain unsaturations and headgroup types were investigated in the present study by Langmuir film balance and differential scanning calorimetry. Both the lipid monolayer at the air-water interface and the lipid bilayer vesicles (liposomes) were employed as model cell membranes. It was found that, regardless of the difference in molecular structure of the lipid chains and headgroup, the drug can form nonideal, miscible systems with the lipids at the air-water interface over a wide range of paclitaxel mole fractions. The interaction between paclitaxel and phospholipid within the monolayer was dependent on the molecular area of the lipids at the interface and can be explained by intermolecular forces or geometric accommodation. Paclitaxel is more likely to form thermodynamically stable systems with 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphocholine (DPPC) and 1,2-dielaidoyl-sn- glycero-3-phosphocholine (DEPC) than with 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3- phosphoethanolamine (DPPE) and 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DSPC). Investigation of the drug penetration into the lipid monolayer showed that DPPC and DEPC have higher incorporation abilities for the drug than DPPE and DSPC. A similar trend was also evidenced by DSC investigation with liposomes. While little change of DSC profiles was observed for the DPPE/paclitaxel and DSPC/paclitaxel liposomes, paclitaxel caused noticeable changes in the thermographs of DPPC and DEPC liposomes. Paclitaxel was found to cause broadening of the main phase transition without significant change in the peak melting temperature of the DPPC bilayers, which demonstrates that paclitaxel was localized in the outer hydrophobic cooperative zone of the bilayer, i.e., in the region of the C1-C8 carbon atoms of the acyl chain or binding at the polar headgroup site of the lipids. However, it may penetrate into the deeper hydrophobic zone of the DEPC bilayers. These findings provide useful information for liposomal formulation of anticancer drugs as well as for understanding drug-cell membrane interactions. © 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
ISSN: 00219797
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2004.11.032
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