Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1002/aic.12635
Title: Developing thin-film-composite forward osmosis membranes on the PES/SPSf substrate through interfacial polymerization
Authors: Wang, K.Y. 
Chung, T.-S. 
Amy, G.
Keywords: Desalination
Forward osmosis
Interfacial polymerization
Membrane
Thin-film-composite
Issue Date: Mar-2012
Source: Wang, K.Y., Chung, T.-S., Amy, G. (2012-03). Developing thin-film-composite forward osmosis membranes on the PES/SPSf substrate through interfacial polymerization. AIChE Journal 58 (3) : 770-781. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1002/aic.12635
Abstract: A new scheme has been developed to fabricate high-performance forward osmosis (FO) membranes through the interfacial polymerization reaction on porous polymeric supports. p-Phenylenediamine and 1,3,5-trimesoylchloride were adopted as the monomers for the in-situ polycondensation reaction to form a thin aromatic polyamide selective layer of 150 nm in thickness on the substrate surface, a lab-made polyethersulfone (PES)/sulfonated polysulfone (SPSf)-alloyed porous membrane with enhanced hydrophilicity. Under FO tests, the FO membrane achieved a higher water flux of 69.8 LMH when against deionized water and 25.2 LMH when against a model 3.5 wt % NaCl solution under 5.0 M NaCl as the draw solution in the pressure-retarded osmosis mode. The PES/SPSf thin-film-composite (TFC)-FO membrane has a smaller structural parameter S of 238 μm than those reported data. The morphology and topology of substrates and TFC-FO membranes have been studied by means of atomic force microscopy and scanning electronic microscopy. © 2011 American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE).
Source Title: AIChE Journal
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/63718
ISSN: 00011541
DOI: 10.1002/aic.12635
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