Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2012.12.047
Title: Bioleaching of spent hydrotreating catalyst by acidophilic thermophile Acidianus brierleyi: Leaching mechanism and effect of decoking
Authors: Bharadwaj, A.
Ting, Y.-P. 
Keywords: Acidianus brierleyi
Bioleaching
Decoking
Spent catalyst
Thermophile
Issue Date: Feb-2013
Citation: Bharadwaj, A., Ting, Y.-P. (2013-02). Bioleaching of spent hydrotreating catalyst by acidophilic thermophile Acidianus brierleyi: Leaching mechanism and effect of decoking. Bioresource Technology 130 : 673-680. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2012.12.047
Abstract: Bioleaching of spent hydrotreating catalyst by thermophillic archae Acidianus brierleyi was investigated. The spent catalyst (containing Al, Fe, Ni and Mo as major elements) was characterized, and the effect of pretreatment (decoking) on two-step and spent medium leaching was examined at 1% w/v pulp density. Decoking resulted in removal of carbonaceous deposits and volatile impurities, and affected the solubility of metal compounds through oxidization of the metal sulfides. Nearly 100% extraction was achieved using spent medium leaching for Fe, Ni and Mo, and 67% for Al. Bioleaching reduced nickel concentration in the leachate below the regulated levels for safe waste disposal. Chemical (i.e. abiotic) leaching using equimolar concentration of sulfuric acid produced by the bacteria during two-step process achieved a lower leaching efficiency (by up to 30%). Results indicated that A. brierleyi successfully leached heavy metals from spent catalyst. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Source Title: Bioresource Technology
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/63542
ISSN: 09608524
DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2012.12.047
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