Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jairtraman.2006.07.003
Title: Factor substitution and complementarity in the Asia airport industry
Authors: Low, J.M.W. 
Tang, L.C. 
Keywords: Airport operations efficiency
Elasticities of factor substitutions
Outsourcing
Issue Date: Sep-2006
Source: Low, J.M.W., Tang, L.C. (2006-09). Factor substitution and complementarity in the Asia airport industry. Journal of Air Transport Management 12 (5) : 261-266. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jairtraman.2006.07.003
Abstract: This paper measures and analyzes how the substitutability between various factors in Asia airports has changed over the years. Production factors are decomposed into capital and labor to examine the role of outsourcing in the recent years. The results reveal that outsourcing has emerged from being a substitute for labor and a complementary factor to capital in the late 1990s to become a substitute for both labor and capital. Increases in price elasticities and substitutability of labor and capital indicate that airports in Asia have become more adept at reacting to price changes. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of Air Transport Management
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/63128
ISSN: 09696997
DOI: 10.1016/j.jairtraman.2006.07.003
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