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Title: Scanning tunnelling microscopy imaging and modification of hydrogen-passivated Ge(100) surfaces
Authors: Lu, Y.F. 
Mai, Z.H.
Song, W.D. 
Chim, W.K. 
Issue Date: Apr-2000
Source: Lu, Y.F., Mai, Z.H., Song, W.D., Chim, W.K. (2000-04). Scanning tunnelling microscopy imaging and modification of hydrogen-passivated Ge(100) surfaces. Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing 70 (4) : 403-406. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Scanning tunnelling microscopy (STM) study and modification of hydrogen (H)-passivated Ge(100) surfaces have been investigated. Thermal oxidation procedures were used to minimise surface roughness. Ge samples were passivated in HF solution after thermal oxidation. STM and atomic force microscope (AFM) imaging showed that, using HF etching after thermal oxidation, we can obtain a natural H-passivated topographically and chemically flat Ge(100) surface. The root-mean-square (rms) roughness of a H-passivated Ge(100) surface measured both by STM and AFM is less than 2 angstrom. Electric properties of H-passivated Ge(100) surfaces were studied by scanning tunnelling spectroscopy (STS) in nitrogen ambient. STS showed that the H-passivated Ge surfaces were not pinned. Modification on H-passivated Ge(100) surfaces was carried out using STM by applying an electric voltage between the sample and tip in air. Modified features were characterised by STM and AFM imaging. On the H-passivated Ge(100) surfaces, stable, low-voltage, nanometer-scale modified features can be produced.
Source Title: Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing
ISSN: 09478396
DOI: 10.1007/s003390051056
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