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Title: Transition phenomena in the wake of an inclined square cylinder
Authors: Tong, X.H.
Luo, S.C. 
Khoo, B.C. 
Issue Date: Oct-2008
Citation: Tong, X.H., Luo, S.C., Khoo, B.C. (2008-10). Transition phenomena in the wake of an inclined square cylinder. Journal of Fluids and Structures 24 (7) : 994-1005. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The division of flow regimes in a square cylinder wake at various angles of attack (α) is studied. This study provides evidence of the existence of modes A and B instabilities in the wake of an inclined square cylinder. The critical Reynolds numbers for the inception of these instability modes were identified through the determination of discontinuities in the Strouhal number versus Reynolds number curves. The spectra and time traces of wake streamwise velocity were observed to display three distinct patterns in different flow regimes. Streamwise vortices with different wavelengths at various Reynolds numbers were visualized. A PIV technique was employed to quantitatively measure the parameters of wake vortices. The wavelengths of the streamwise vortices in the modes A and B regimes were measured by using the auto-correlation method. From the present investigation, the square cylinder wake at various angles of attack undergoes a similar transition path to that of a circular cylinder, although various quantitative parameters measured which include the critical Reynolds numbers, spanwise wavelength of secondary vortices, and the circulation and vorticity of wake vortices all show an α dependence. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of Fluids and Structures
ISSN: 08899746
DOI: 10.1016/j.jfluidstructs.2008.03.004
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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