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Title: Rotation of a spheroid in a Couette flow at moderate Reynolds numbers
Authors: Yu, Z.
Phan-Thien, N. 
Tanner, R.I.
Issue Date: 21-Aug-2007
Citation: Yu, Z., Phan-Thien, N., Tanner, R.I. (2007-08-21). Rotation of a spheroid in a Couette flow at moderate Reynolds numbers. Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics 76 (2) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The rotation of a single spheroid in a planar Couette flow as a model for simple shear flow is numerically simulated with the distributed Lagrangian multiplier based fictitious domain method. The study is focused on the effects of inertia on the orbital behavior of prolate and oblate spheroids. The numerical orbits are found to be well described by a simple empirical model, which states that the rate of the spheroid rotation about the vorticity axis is a sinusoidal function of the corresponding projection angle in the flow-gradient plane, and that the exponential growth rate of the orbit function is a constant. The following transitions in the steady state with increasing Reynolds number are identified: Jeffery orbit, tumbling, quasi-Jeffery orbit, log rolling, and inclined rolling for a prolate spheroid; and Jeffery orbit, log rolling, inclined rolling, and motionless state for an oblate spheroid. In addition, it is shown that the orbit behavior is sensitive to the initial orientation in the case of strong inertia and there exist different steady states for certain shear Reynolds number regimes. © 2007 The American Physical Society.
Source Title: Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
ISSN: 15393755
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.76.026310
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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