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|Title:||High rate capability caused by surface cubic spinels in Li-rich layer-structured cathodes for Li-ion batteries|
|Citation:||Song, B., Liu, H., Liu, Z., Xiao, P., Lai, M.O., Lu, L. (2013-10-31). High rate capability caused by surface cubic spinels in Li-rich layer-structured cathodes for Li-ion batteries. Scientific Reports 3 : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep03094|
|Abstract:||Modified Li-rich layered cathode Li(Li 0.2 Mn 0.54 Ni 0.13 Co 0.13)O 2 has been synthesized by a simple strategy of using surface treatment with various amounts (0-30â€...wt.%) of Super P (carbon black). Based on detailed characterizations from X-ray diffraction (XRD), high resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), it is suggested that the phase transformation from Li 2 MnO 3 -type of structure to spinel-like phase take place at the surface regions of particles during post annealing process at 350 C, leading to increase in both first coulombic efficiency and rate capability, from 78% and 100â€...mAh·g -1 (charge capacity at 2500â€...mA·g -1) of the pristine material to 93.4% and 200â€...mAh·g -1. The evidences of spinel formation and the reasons for electrochemical enhancement are systematically investigated.|
|Source Title:||Scientific Reports|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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